The Knee joint is the most complex weight bearing joint in our body, making it the most injured joint and often the one we can wear out first. Acute injuries include:
- Meniscus tears
- Surface injuries (chondral fracture or loose bodies)
- Ligament tears
Anterior cruciate ligament
Medical collateral ligament
- Patellar tendonitis
- Hamstring tendonitis
Inflammatory conditions respond to activity modifications, anti-inflammatory medications and sometimes physical therapy. If surgery is indicated then the majority of time arthroscopic approach is successful.
- Knee Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)
Non-operative treatments include health and behavior modifications, (physical therapy, weight loss, and education), drug therapy such as anti-inflammatory medications or cortizone injections, and alternative therapies (vitamin supplements, acupuncture, and electrotherapy.)
Viscosupplementation is a fairly new (in this country) of adding fluid to lubricate the joint in helping it to move. It is done in a series of three injections and can be done every six months.
When the knee is worn out causing pain and diminished function, the surface can be replaced. Recent advancements in Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement have greatly lessened the pain of the procedure and speed recovery. Up to one third of patients needing replacement may only need a portion of the knee replaced. This Unicondylar Knee Replacement, specifically the Oxford type meniscal bearing type is the most recent advancement in knee replacement arthroplasty. It is the most specific replacement to restore the knee?s normal biomechanical and natural function.
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